This riser is the vertical portion between each tread on the stair. Above is our custom illustrated chart showcasing the different parts of a staircase . The top riser of the stair is attached to the header. Stair Systems Parts | DEFINED Product Terminology - Glossary. Balustrade The assembled section of stair parts including newels, balusters and handrail – also called Handrail System. Newel Post. Nosing: The part of the stair that sticks out past the riser is called the stair nosing. Post-to-Post – A balustrade system where handrail is cut and attached between square top newels. A staircase is an enclosure which contains the complete stairway. It is the top or horizontal surface to press beneath the feet. Box newel: A large square newel that is hollow … Baluster/Spindle - the vertical member, plain or decorative, that acts as the infill between the handrail and baserail (or Gooseneck – A rail fitting used to accommodate transitions in height and/or direction at intermediate and balcony landings. It may be constructed having one turn of direction, or a series of turns. The assembled section of stair parts including newels, balusters and handrail – also called Handrail System. Balusters are typically spaced no more than 4″ apart. Components of Stairs Terminologies Used During Staircase Design. 22. Run: The horizontal or flat part of the stair is called the run and the vertical height difference between two stairs is called the run.. Rise: The rise is the vertical part of the stair between each tread. Manufacturing wood stair parts out of lumber you ship to us is always an option. Filed Under: Blog Tagged With: handrails, stair parts, stairs, wood species, wooden staircases. Wall Rail – Rail affixed to the wall, usually by means of mounting brackets. In buildings, stairs is a term applied to a complete flight of steps between two floors. Return Nosing – A moulding used to trim the end of a tread on the open side of a stair. Stair Parts Glossary. Starting Step – A decorative first step of a stair, generally designed with a tread and riser which lengthen the step beyond the width of the basic stair. Platforms, stairs, ladders, and crossover systems are common in manufacturing and industrial facilities. Winder Tread – A non rectangular tread used in combination to make directional changes in winder stairs. Tread Overhang – The portion of the tread which protrudes beyond the face of the riser. Wall Rail Bracket – A metal bracket that is used to fasten wall rail to the wall. Curved Stair – A stair that winds or curves it’s way from one floor to the next. Spandrel: It is triangular framing under the outside string of an open string stair. In this article, you are going to learn about the various components and parts of a staircase and stair in details.. We’ll also talk about the requirements for a good stair and principles of design of stair. Wall String – the string of a staircase fixed flush with a wall. Baluster The smaller vertical pieces in the balustrade that help support the handrail – also called spindles, pickets or uprights. Landing Tread – A structural moulding, used on all landings and balconies, to create a transition between the stair and the finished floor. Stair Parts Glossary. A step is composed of tread and riser. Going The individual going is the term for the measurement from face of riser to face of riser. Tread. Stair Diagram & Terminology The images below will give you a better understanding of stair parts for your new stair project or stair remodel. Riser The vertical portion between each tread. Cove Molding – A concave shaped molding used to cover the joint formed where the face of the riser meets the underside of the tread. Bending rail offers the ability to glue and bend handrail to a radius to match most curved balustrades. Staircase terminology for beginners; Staircase terminology for beginners 01/12/2017 12:00. Wood Stair Parts Terminology & Information Listed In Easy To Read Format For DIYers & Stair Builders In Canada. Not all stairs have risers. Definitions. This article illustrates and describes the basic names of stairs parts and terms common to industrial stairs. These are often used in commercial settings to improve the safety of a staircase. Riser – The vertical finished component of a stair filling the space between the treads. Riser: The vertical component of a stair that faces each step between stringers and tread, upon which the treads are placed. It is often visible from other areas of your home, and it presents a great opportunity for some fun customization. This will then help you choose the correct parts needed for your perfect staircase. The balusters give you an opportunity to inject a little style or flair into your staircase, … You would normally also have a nosing on this that slightly overlaps the riser. Level Rail – Railing used on a balcony or a landing. Balustrading – the overall name for the complete assembly of handrails, baserails, newels, spindles … Tread is a scrap of the stairway that is stepped in. Quarter-turned half turned with few steps in between, and bifurcated stairs are some of such turned stairs. Shoe Rail – A plowed, lineal moulding designed to receive the bottom square of a baluster. Stair Parts – Elements that make up a stair component or staircase Handrails Fixed stairs having four or more risers shall have stair railings or handrails complying […] Riser: The vertical portion between each tread on the stair. We’ve also listed each part below and link to where its listed on the site, so you can be sure to find the right stair part, quickly. More Staircase Terminology. If you don't know anything about stair parts, start with this diagram. We’ve also listed each part below and link to where its listed on the site, so you can be sure to find the right stair part, quickly. Up easings are a component part of all starting fittings and goosenecks. A few examples of regional terminology would be: Baluster may also be referred to by the nickname "spindles". Tread Brackets - A decorative moulding that is fastened to the outside of the stringer. Turnout – A curved rail fitting used as one option to start an Over-the-Post balustrade system. Stair diagram, Stair Parts Names & Terminology Guide. Staircase Terminology contains many words and phrases that may be new to you. Home. Partial Open Stair – A stair that has an open balustrade that extends only a portion of the way up the stair before running into a structural wall. The step is composed of the tread and riser. Stairs and banisters in general and stair parts specifically, compose a large assortment of stair terms that describe the many unique components used to create these elegant architectural features. Header – A floor framing member that runs across the well opening. Tread – The horizontal component of a stair on which one steps. Often, the newel posts are thicker or more substantial than the balusters. 6. Box Newel – A large square newel, usually hollow, used in a Post-to-Post balustrade system. There are many different parts of a staircase — more than you might imagine. Now that you can speak the language, it’s time to attack those stairs. The spandrel is the triangular space that exists underneath a staircase when there is no other flight of stair beneath it. Learn the terminology that may be used while discussing your New Railing and/or Stair. Get to know your stair. Our stair part diagram lists the commonly used stair parts you’ll need for your stair design project. We have split our terminology guide up into two … Run: The horizontal or flat part of the stair is called the run and the vertical height difference between two stairs is called the run.. Rise: The rise is the vertical part of the stair between each tread. Saved by Direct Stair Parts. The step is composed of the tread and riser. This is determined by the rise and run. The tread “depth” is measured from the outer edge of the step to the vertical “riser” between steps. Riser: It is the vertical portion of a step offering support to the thread. Sometimes these terms are used on a large scale to describe the total height of the staircase (rise) and the total depth of the staircase (go or going). Saved by Direct Stair Parts. Riser The vertical portion between each tread. Baluster – A decorative vertical member, used to fill the open area between the railing and the floor or tread, adding safety, support and stability to the balustrade. A stair flight is a run of stairs or steps between landings. Stringer. Level Quarterturn – A rail fitting that permits level handrail to turn. We are a very friendly company, phone Pear Stairs on 01938 553311. Terminology. Closed String - a string with the face housed/trenched to. Staircase Basics. While not every set of stairs has every part, the parts work together to provide stability and strength. Parts of a staircase. Treads Parts of stairs terminology: Step: It is comprised of a tread and a riser; stairs composed of a set of steps. Spiral Stair – A stair where the treads form a circle around a center point as the stair ascends from one floor to the next. You’re not alone – unless you are in the industry, many of the terms used to describe staircase components might be unfamiliar, but learning what they are can help you articulate what you want to do without a lot of hand-gesturing or having to reference “those vertical parts that hold up the railing.”. Riser is the vertical part of the steps of the stair, which go between each tread. Definitions. April 2020. The newel posts serve a similar purpose as the baluster in that they are there to provide support for the stairs themselves. They are also long, vertical pieces that appear between the steps and the handrail, but the newel posts often differ in appearance from the balusters and provide support at either end of the staircase, or along a landing. Take-Off – Material list of required stair components for a specific stair. Curtail Step: It is the starting step of the staircase, which projects out of the string. Up Easing – A rail fitting which curves, permitting the handrail to change the slope of the rail system. Bending Rail – A rail profile made up of thin vertical strips, or plys, which have been moulded with a tongue and groove bead to create an alignment of the plys. Shoe Moulding – A convex shaped moulding, usually used where the first riser meets the finished floor. Most wood balusters are 42″ tall. For a straight flight of stairs, the balcony may be long enough to require multiple newels to support the length of railing. Enter our PROJECT PHOTO CONTEST to win a TABLET! Winder Stair – A stair that makes a directional change without the use of a platform. Glossary of Staircase Parts 07 June 2018. Going The individual going is the term for the measurement from face of riser to face of riser. This line is located about 40 cm from the centre of the hand rail. Wood Stair Glossary. 1. Epoxy – Type of adhesive recommended to install forged balusters and collars. Our stair diagram will help simplify your next stair remodel by learning the terminology. April 2020. Various Components or Parts of Staircase and their Details. Beams or girders: Hefty framing members (usually 4x, 6x, or doubled or tripled 2x stock) attached … Balustrade: The name for a complete assembled rail system. Baluster: A support used to fill the open area between the rail and the stair tread or knee wall. Baluster/Spindle – The vertical member, plain or decorative, that acts as the infill between the handrail and baserail (or tread if cut string). Balusters. The room or enclosure of the building in which the stair is located is known as a staircase.. When this is missing it is called an open plan staircase… Stair Parts Diagram & Terminology. Straight Stair – A stairway with no turns or intermediate landings. Subfloor Rise – The measurement taken from the top of the subfloor of the lower level to the top of the subfloor of the upper level. Step. We explain the staircase terms used to build both a 'post-to-post staircase railing' and a 'over-the-post staircase railing'. On an open stair the cove molding is continued under the return nosing. Wood Stair Glossary. The … • They depend upon the available space for stairs. We offer a large selection of both residential and commercial hardwood and metal stair parts. It is trodden on while climbing or descending the staircase. Stair Parts Diagram & Terminology. A staircase or stairway is one or more flights of stairs leading from one floor to another, and includes landings, newel posts, handrails, balustrades and additional parts. Tread – the top or horizontal surface of a step. Also, read: What Is a Bar Bending Schedule | Preparation as Per Bs 4466 | Tolerances as Per Bs 4466 Parts of Staircase, Parts Names & Details Balcony: For stairs with an open concept upper floor or landing, the upper floor is functionally a balcony. Box newel: A large square newel that is hollow inside, used at starting steps or in … It is constructed to the same specifications (thickness) as any other flooring. It sits on top of the balusters and is supported by newel posts. This glossary of staircase related terminology is by no means exhaustive but does detail the most common and basic terms used in staircase construction and balustrading installation. Our interior iron baluster designs are offered in hollow bar (tubular steel) construction. As per below fig. The tread is the part of the stair that is stepped on. That's why we have created our Stair Parts Glossary! It … Blog. Tread: The horizontal part of the stairs that is stepped on. Tread - The step or part of the stair one walks on. Discover all the main parts of a staircase here with this helpful illustrated diagram pointing out each part of a staircase including baluster, stringer, tread, handrail, riser and more. A stair, or a stairstep, is one step in a flight of stairs. Staircase nosing is a horizontal edge of a step often used where the most foot traffic occurs. Double Mitered Return Tread – A tread that has mitered return nosing applied to both ends, used in a double open balustrade stair. Tread Bracket – A decorative piece mitered to the riser and fastened on the side of an open skirtboard. You would normally also have a nosing on this that slightly overlaps the riser. Bifurcated stairs. Many special terms are used for the parts of a sailboat and sailing equipment on a boat. The part of the stairway that you step on. -A-Apron – A wide decorative board attached to the wall under any Balustrade or above the treads on … Customizable staircase components include: Typically made of wood or iron, the balusters are the those aforementioned “vertical parts that hold up the railing.” The balusters give you an opportunity to inject a little style or flair into your staircase, should you choose, or you can go with a basic, traditional design if you care more about functionality than fashion (though there are always options that ensure both!). A stair is a set of steps leading from one floor to another. -A-Apron – A wide decorative board attached to the wall under any Balustrade or above the treads on a … In an effort to help you understand the many specific terms associated with staircases and banisters we have created the following glossary of terms. Stringers - Structure that supports the risers, treads, and balustrade. Balusters provide support, safety and stability to the balustrade. Stair Parts Glossary Balusters. Staircase terminology for beginners; Staircase terminology for beginners 01/12/2017 12:00. Following are the various components of staircase: Step. This glossary of staircase related terminology is by no means exhaustive but does detail the most common and basic terms used in staircase construction and balustrade installation. Balusters provide support, safety and stability to the balustrade. Balcony Height – The vertical distance from the finish-floor to the top of the level railing. ... Pear Stairs can advise you on your staircase or stair parts, remember if you have any questions about your staircase or stair parts don't hesitate to phone us. The part of the stairway that is stepped on. This handy tool provides you with the definitions of stair parts … When you start looking to purchase a staircase, you’ll quickly become aware of a whole new world of weird and wonderful terms. Over Easing – A rail fitting used to transition from sloped rail to level rail without the use of a gooseneck. They are known as winders. Here at Stair Parts USA, we understand that during your search for stair parts and supplies diagram, you may become overwhelmed by stair parts terminology. To help you to make sense of it all, we’ve collected the most common terminology together in this glossary. 1 Understanding Treads, Risers, and Nosings. Handrails are available in a broad array of hardwoods, and they can be basic in design, or highly ornate and artistic. Stringers, which some refer to as “stringer boards,” are the parts of the stair that appear on either side of the risers and treads, keeping them in place. Use these terms when speaking with your contractor or stair parts retailer, and rest assured your thoughts and wishes will be clearly conveyed. Learn these terms to sail and enhance communication on a boat. Follows the staircase up, and is where people place their hands and is grooved out for spindles to sit into. Learn these terms to sail and enhance communication on a boat. 74. Stair Parts, Staircase Components and Stair Definitions For Residential Hardwood Stairs & Railing Systems. Newels � The major support posts for the balustrade system. Our stair diagram will help simplify your next stair remodel by learning the terminology. When the length of a stair is short, then rounding steps are made at that spot instead 0f providing landing. Balustrade: A complete rail system that includes the handrail, balusters, and newel posts. Rail Plug – A round wood plug used to fill holes drilled in newels and rails, allowing screws or rail bolts to be used. While steps are used almost everyday, most people give little thought to the fact that they are actually made up of several parts. The Basics. Our stair part diagram lists the commonly used stair parts you’ll need for your stair design project. Box Newel Post: Tread Nosing – The rounded edge of a tread. The tread can be … Step. Many of these terms change from region to region. The part of the stairway that you step on. Volute – The detail like a Scroll at the entry of a handrail, sometimes called a Monkey’s Tail, – New Ascending Volute. Skirtboard – A finished trim board used on either open or dosed sides of the stair as a decorative accent. So we put together a brief guide to some of the specific words and components that are used to refer to the different sections and features. This is a portion of stair which permits ascending or descending from one floor to another. If you don't know anything about stair parts, start with this diagram. It is constructed to the same specifications (thickness) as any other flooring. Rake – The angle of ascent, or slope, of a stairway. Other finishes are available by quotation. This glossary of staircase related terminology is by no means exhaustive but does detail the most common and basic terms used in staircase construction and balustrading installation. Stair diagram, Stair Parts Names & Terminology Guide. A substantial post that the handrail goes into on the staircase usually 90x90mm, can be either left at full height, or cut short for a newel turning to fit into. It is often called a "Scroll" or "Scroll Bracket." Rosette – A decorative and anchoring wall plate used to terminate handrail into a wall. Its location is critical to tread depth in winding and/or circular stairs. accommodate treads and risers so their … Balustrade: A complete rail system that includes the handrail, balusters, and newel posts. A step is a portion of the stair which permits ascent or descent. At Canal, we specialise in bespoke staircases for commercial and domestic clients. Nosing: The part of the stair that sticks out past the riser is called the stair nosing. Balustrade: The name for a complete assembled rail system. Total Rise – The total vertical distance from finish-floor to finish-floor. Hopefully, the above stair diagram will help you understand each of the various stair parts, and come to grips with the terminology involved. Balustrade Balcony A level balustrade usually on the 2nd floor – also called gallery. Rake Rail – Ascending handrail of a balustrade – follows the pitch or rise of the stair. Tread: The tread is the part of the stairs you stand on. The term “handrail” is a bit less of a mystery, but this part nonetheless plays a key role in the style and design of your staircase. It … Many special terms are used for the parts of a sailboat and sailing equipment on a boat. Staircase Terminology – Stair Parts Names For those part time DIY’ers who love a challenge and undertake a stair renovation project it’s a good idea to familiarize yourselves with all the various components of a staircase. 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