Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. The intellectual center of the Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, the John D. Rockefeller Jr. Library advances knowledge of colonial British America, the American Revolution, the early United States, American decorative arts and folk art, and the Restoration and continuing story of Colonial Williamsburg. It wasn't long after he left the company that John D. Rockefeller Jr. found himself embroiled in controversy. John F. Kennedy, the 35th U.S. president, negotiated the Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty and initiated the Alliance for Progress. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. 1910 John D. Rockefeller, Jr., devoted his life to philanthropy. In 1926, John D. Rockefeller Jr. and his wife, Abby Aldrich Rockefeller, were inspired by the vision so eloquently articulated by Rev. He was the major contributor to In 1901 Rockefeller married Abby Greene Aldrich (1874–1948), daughter of U.S. In funding construction of Rockefeller Center in Manhattan—one of few large privately funded development projects occurring in the Great Depression—Rockefeller created 75,000 jobs at a time of widespread unemployment in the 1930s. He was the fifth and the last child of the famous businessman and Standard Oil industrialist, John D. Rockefeller. Civil rights leader Whitney Young Jr., head of the National Urban League, was at the forefront of racial integration and African American economic empowerment. Along with his father, he helped create a number of philanthropic institutions, including the Rockefeller Institute, the General Education Board and the Rockefeller Foundation. A businessman, John D. Rockefeller Jr is equally well known for his philanthropy, both in the United States and Europe. In funding the construction of Rockefeller Center, John Jr. created an estimated 75,000 jobs. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Combined with his father's charitable contributions of $540 million, his donations brought the total philanthropic work of the first two generations of the Rockefeller fortune to more than $1 billion in the century between 1860 and 1960. Updates? He also became widely known as an expert in industrial relations. Born on January 29, 1874, in Cleveland, Ohio, "Junior" grew up alongside three sisters: Alta, Bessie and Edith. John was a serious boy. Rockefeller…. John D. Rockefeller, Jr. was an American businessman and major philanthropist. The 23-year-old son of the late New York Gov. Mobster John "Junior" Gotti allegedly served as a capo in the Gambino family and was the acting boss when his father, John Gotti was in prison. In 1901, John D. Rockefeller Jr. married Abby Aldrich, a college classmate and the daughter of a prominent Rhode Island senator, Nelson W. Aldrich. John D. Rockefeller, Jr., in full John Davison Rockefeller, Jr., (born January 29, 1874, Cleveland, Ohio, U.S.—died May 11, 1960, Tucson, Arizona), American philanthropist, the only son of John D. Rockefeller, Sr., and heir to the Rockefeller fortune, who built Rockefeller Center in New York City and was instrumental in the decision to locate the United Nations in that city. In 1972 Congress dedicated a 24,000 acres parcel of land as John D. Rockefeller, Jr. Memorial Parkway to recognize his generosity and foresight. Omissions? Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. John D. Rockefeller Jr.'s zodiac sign is Aquarius. The tragedy was said to have solidified Rockefeller’s devotion to humanitarian causes. NOW 50% OFF! In 1926, John D. Rockefeller, Jr. visited Jackson Hole, Wyoming, a valley adjacent to the Grand Teton Mountain Range, with Horace M. Albright, Superintendent of Yellowstone National Park and an assistant to the director of the National Park Service (NPS). https://www.britannica.com/biography/John-D-Rockefeller-Jr, Spartacus Educational - Biography of John D. Rockefeller. The John D. Rockefeller, Jr. Library is located on the corner of Prospect and College Streets. John D. Rockefeller, Jr.: A Portrait - Kindle edition by Fosdick, Raymond B.. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. He may be best known for creating Rockefeller Center in New York City, funding the restoration of Colonial Williamsburg and donating the land for the U.N. Headquarters. This Credo is displayed in bronze letters on the wall in the main lobby of the Rockefeller Library. Carnegie’s giving exceeded $350 million, with much of it used for the establishment of such foundations as the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching (1905) and the Carnegie Corporation of New York (1911). Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading John D. Rockefeller, Jr.: A Portrait. Born on July 8, 1908, in Bar Harbor, Maine, Nelson Aldrich Rockefeller was the third of six children born to John D. Rockefeller Jr. and his first wife, Abby Aldrich Rockefeller. Britannica Kids Holiday Bundle! After graduation from Brown University in 1897, he joined his father in business but never assumed complete management of Standard Oil, eventually choosing to focus his efforts on philanthropy. The John D. Rockefeller Jr. Library is dedicated to advancing knowledge of colonial British America, the American Revolution, the early United States, and the history of the Restoration of Colonial Williamsburg. Rockefeller, Sr., was an American industrialist and philanthropist and founder of the Standard Oil Company, which dominated the oil industry and was the first great U.S. business trust. Civil rights leader James Farmer headed the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) and organized the historic Freedom Rides of 1961. Where did John D. Rockefeller grow up? In 1958 he donated $5 million for the Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts in New York City. His father had founded and was President of Standard Oil Company. Corrections? In association with his father, he created major philanthropic institutions, including the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research (renamed Rockefeller University) in New York City (1901), the General Education Board (1902), and the Rockefeller Foundation (1913). Abby Aldrich Rockefeller died in 1948, and John D. Rockefeller Jr. later married Martha Baird Allen, a concert pianist. His name became synonymous with philanthropy, like … His father, William, (also known as "Big Bill") traveled a lot and was known to be involved in shady business deals. https://www.biography.com/business-figure/john-d-rockefeller-jr. "use strict";(function(){var insertion=document.getElementById("citation-access-date");var date=new Date().toLocaleDateString(undefined,{month:"long",day:"numeric",year:"numeric"});insertion.parentElement.replaceChild(document.createTextNode(date),insertion)})(); Subscribe to the Biography newsletter to receive stories about the people who shaped our world and the stories that shaped their lives. A tragic breaking point occurred in April 1914, when private security contractors opened fire on the tent colony. Full body measurements, dress & shoe size will be updated soon. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... A discussion of John D. Rockefeller's preservation of early American history at Williamsburg, Virginia, from the documentary. John Davison Rockefeller was born on a farm in Richford, New York on July 8, 1839. John D. Rockefeller and his son John D Rockefeller Jr., the founders of the Rockefeller dynasty were purportedly not affiliated with the Freemasons (or so it has been claimed Link) I have written about the Knights Templar, The Freemasons and the Illuminati in many of my articles and it is my contention that prominent Jews were recruited by the Templars to manage their assets after the latter was forced … His dutiful son, John D. Rockefeller Jr., devoted his life to redeeming the family's name. John D. Rockefeller Jr., January 29, American businessman, philanthropist and conservationist John Davison Rockefeller Jr was born on the 29 January 1874, He was the youngest child and only son of the -co-founder of Standard Oil, John Davison Rockefeller, and his wife, Laura Spelman. Nelson Rockefeller , who was presumed to have drowned at sea, was actually captured and eaten by a … After graduating in 1897, he worked for his father at the Standard Oil headquarters in New York City. Senator Nelson W. Aldrich. Born on January 29, 1874, in Cleveland, Ohio, John D. Rockefeller Jr. was a prominent American philanthropist and heir to the family fortune created by father John D. Rockefeller Sr., founder of Standard Oil. John Lee Love was an African American inventor best known for patenting a portable pencil sharpener known as the "Love Sharpener.". John D. Rockefeller Jr.'s height Unknown & weight Not Available right. I believe in the supreme worth of the individual and in his right to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. Undeterred, Rockefeller Jr. would spend years mired in the controversy, gradually restoring the family's public image through his philanthropic work. He struggled with drug addiction and died of an accidental cocaine overdose. We strive for accuracy and fairness. rmond Beach, Fla., May 23.--John D. Rockefeller Sr., who wanted to live until July 9, 1939, when he would have rounded out a century of life, died at 4:05 A.M. here today at The Casements, his Winter home, a little more than two years and a month from his cherished goal. In 1972 Congress dedicated a 24,000-acre parcel of land as John D. Rockefeller, Jr. Memorial Parkway to recognize his generosity and foresight. The John D. Rockefeller, Jr. Library, otherwise known as "the Rock," serves as the primary teaching and research library for the humanities, social sciences, and fine arts. The only son of John D. Rockefeller, he was born in Cleveland, Ohio, into one of the wealthiest American families of his time. © 2020 Biography and the Biography logo are registered trademarks of A&E Television Networks, LLC. During World War II, he helped establish the United Service Organizations. After the war, he donated land for the United Nations headquarters, a gift that figured prominently in the decision to locate the world organization in the United States. Water Bearer is the astrological symbol and The Eleventh house is the ruling house of Aquarius. John and Abby would go on to have six children together: a daughter, Abby (later known as Abby Rockefeller Mauzé), and five sons, John D. Rockefeller III, Nelson Rockefeller, Laurance Rockefeller, Winthrop Rockefeller and David Rockefeller. His father, John D. Rockefeller Sr., was the nation's first billionaire, yet wealth didn't appeal to John Jr. Homeschooled until the age of 10, John D. Rockefeller Jr. went on to attend Brown University. By the spring of 1914, the situation had worsened; relationships had become hostile between Guard members and protesters, who refused to give in. The strike continued into the winter, and matters escalated when miners and their families were evicted from their company homes, forced to live in tents throughout the winter months. Public opinion turned against the Rockefellers thereafter, as newspaper articles lambasted the heir to the Rockefeller legacy. Rockefeller Archive Center. The Credo of John D. Rockefeller Jr. Within his private family world, nevertheless, he was clearly a “dark figure” to his youngest son, and David’s candor about this in his memoir is valuable to an understanding of this remarkable family. Gerald Ford became the 38th president of the United States following Richard Nixon's resignation, in the aftermath of the Watergate scandal. The strike, which had begun in September 1913, became violent shortly thereafter, prompting Colorado Governor Elias Ammons to bring in the state National Guard. His other philanthropic works included restoration of colonial Williamsburg, Virginia, construction of low-rent housing in poor sections of New York City, and donations to the city’s Riverside Church and the Museum of Modern Art. John D. Rockefeller Jr. has been died on May 11, 1960 ( age 86). More than 2,000 miles away, at the Rockefeller-owned Colorado Fuel and Iron Company, a six-month strike had been raging: An estimated 9,000 coal miners were demanding union recognition, improved hours, wages and housing. The late conservationist and philanthropist John D. Rockefeller, Jr. made significant contributions to several national parks including Grand Teton, Acadia, Great Smoky Mountains, and Virgin Islands. The Credo of John D. Rockefeller Jr. If you see something that doesn't look right, contact us! During World War II he helped establish the United Service Organizations (USO), an agency for the aid of members of the U.S. military and their dependents. Rockefeller family portrait, summer of 1920, Seal Harbor, Maine/ From left: Laurance, Babs, John D III, Abby Aldrich Rockefeller holding David Senior, Winthrop, John D Rockefeller … …the century, Andrew Carnegie and John D. Rockefeller inaugurated the first of their many philanthropies. Johann Peter Rockenfeller (baptized September 27, 1682, in the Protestant church of Rengsdorf) immigrated in 1723 from Altwied (today a district of Neuwied, Rhineland-Palatinate) with three children to North America and settled down in Germantown, Pennsylvania. Goodwin of Bruton Parish Church. He also donated extensively to conservation various projects, stretching from Acadia National Park in Maine to Yosemite National Park in California. John D. Rockefeller Jr (1840-1960) was the only son of John Davison Rockefeller, founder of the Standard Oil Company. His parents' strict discipline and frugal lifestyle were impressed upon him … That John D. Rockefeller Jr. was warm, humane, and of generous spirit in church matters seems entirely likely. Dr. W.A.R. John D. Rockefeller, Jr., in full John Davison Rockefeller, Jr., (born January 29, 1874, Cleveland, Ohio, U.S.—died May 11, 1960, Tucson, Arizona), American philanthropist, the only son of John D. Rockefeller, Sr., and heir to the Rockefeller fortune, who built Rockefeller Center in New York City and was instrumental in the decision to locate the United Nations in that city. John D. Rockefeller (left) walking with his son, John D. Rockefeller, Jr., about 1915. During World War II, he helped establish the United Service Organizations, and raised more than $300 million to help men and women serving in the U.S. Armed Forces. In the years following World War I, John D. Rockefeller Jr. advocated for better industrial working conditions. Disenchanted, in 1910, John Jr. decided to leave the business world behind him in order to pursue philanthropic interests. Ralph D. Abernathy was a Baptist minister who co-founded the Southern Christian Leadership Conference and was a close adviser to Martin Luther King Jr. Ike Turner made a string of R&B hits with singer and wife Tina Turner. American National Biography - Biography of John D. Rockefeller Jr. Philanthropy Roundtable - The Philanthropy Hall of Fame - Biography of John Rockefeller Jr. John D. Rockefeller, Jr. - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). He died on May 11, 1960, in Tucson, Arizona. John D. Rockefeller, Jr. Residence 10 West 54th Street New York, N.Y. 10019 : Abigail and John D. Rockefeller, Jr., with Laurance, Babs, John 3rd, David, Winthrop, and Nelson (1921) John Davison Rockefeller, Jr. was the fifth and last child of John D. Rockefeller (1839–1937) and his wife, Laura Celestia Spelman (1839–1915). While investigating white slavery, he met John D. Rockefeller, Jr. (JDR Jr.) who was working with a special grand jury investigating the same issue. As an art collector, she was instrumental in the founding of the Museum of Modern Art. When he was a child, John D. Rockefeller watched his father count his money—huge wads of which he refused to keep in a bank and lovingly stacked in … John D. Rockefeller, Jr., sells the Pocantico family estate to his sons and begins the final disposition of his fortune, giving $73 million to charity and $57 million to the Rockefeller Brothers Fund. John D. Rockefeller, Jr., 1874-1960 John Davison Rockefeller, Jr. (JDR Jr.) was a philanthropist who gave more than $537 million to educational, religious, cultural, medical, and civic projects. Robert F. Kennedy, Jr. is an attorney, a vocal environmental activist and radio host. Born on January 29, 1874, in Cleveland, Ohio, John D. Rockefeller Jr. was a prominent American philanthropist and heir to the family fortune created by father John D. Rockefeller Sr… With his father, he participated in the creation of notable philanthropic institutions such as the Rockefeller Institute, the General Education Board, and the Rockefeller Foundation. The late conservationist and philanthropist John D. Rockefeller, Jr. made significant contributions to several national parks including Grand Teton, Acadia, Great Smoky Mountains, and Virgin Islands. He is co-founder and President of River Alliance. Philanthropist John D. Rockefeller Jr. was the only son of John D. Rockefeller and heir to his fortune. By PAUL CROWELL . John was closer to his mother, Eliza, who took care of the family's six children. John D. Rockefeller, Jr.'s charitable gifts are estimated to have totaled $537 million. That vision was to restore the town of Williamsburg to its 18th-century appearance and reveal the story of our nation’s origin to all. He was the father of the famous five Rockefeller brothers. In the early 1900s, a series of scandals erupted at the company. A board member at the company, John D. Rockefeller Jr. was blamed for the violence at the Colorado Fuel and Iron Company, and was subsequently called to testify in front of Congress. He is known for building Rockefeller Center in New York City. John D. Rockefeller, Jr. and his father. They had six children—a daughter, Abby (1903–76), and five sons: John D. III, Nelson A., Laurance S., Winthrop, and David. He died in Arizona in 1960. When Mexican artist Diego Rivera was commissioned to do a mural for Rockefeller Center, some may have wondered whether industrialist tycoon John D. Rockefeller Jr… After the war, he donated land for the U.N. headquarters. More than 40 miners and their family members were killed, including two women and 11 children. Philanthropist, Social Reformer. John D. Rockefeller, Jr. (1874-1960), American philanthropist, utilized the family fortune to establish scores of philanthropic enterprises and participated actively in their management. What business interests he pursued were associated with his father’s long-standing opposition to strikes by organized labour; he was one of those blamed for the so-called Ludlow Massacre (April 20, 1914), in which sit-in strikers at the Rockefeller-controlled Colorado Fuel and Iron Company were fired on by militiamen, resulting in 17 deaths. John D. Rockefeller Jr. created Rockefeller University in New York City, the General Education Board and the Rockefeller Foundation in the early 1900s. He was assassinated in 1963. Unique to the library is the body of research on the buildings, people, trades, and material culture of 18th-century Williamsburg. Against long-circulating speculations that his family has French roots, genealogists proved the German origin of Rockefeller and traced them back to the early 17th century. Although John D. Rockefeller Sr. and Nelson Rockefeller typically occupy the spotlight of their family legacy, it was John D. Rockefeller Jr. who made the family name synonymous with philanthropy. High school students Jr. was an American businessman and major philanthropist sharpener known as ``... N'T long after he left the Company that John D. Rockefeller Jr. has been died on May,... He was the only son of John D. Rockefeller, Jr. Memorial Parkway to recognize his generosity and foresight businessman! Years mired in the early 1900s the historic Freedom Rides of 1961 Center for the Performing in. Features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading John D. Rockefeller, Memorial. His philanthropy, both in the years following World War i, John D. Rockefeller, of... 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