A minority of Syrians retained Aramaic which is still spoken in its Eastern and Western dialects. It led to Muslim Rashidun control over the entire Levant and brought about major changes to Levantine religious, cultural and social fabric that continue to this day. “The inadequate language skills among Syrians reflects the lack of a national strategy to nurture coexistence between Syrians and Turks,” he told Arab News. With around 10% of the population, Kurds are the second biggest ethnic group, followed by Turkmen The rest of the community mainly live in the Quneitra Governorate, the Rif Dimashq Governorate, and the Idlib Governorate. Kurds are the second biggest ethnic group, followed by Turkmen. [31], There are many Syrian Druze also living abroad, particularly in Latin America, who have been living there for over the past hundred years. How do you think about the answers? As a result, around 120,000 Kurds in Jazira (20% of Syrian Kurds) were stripped of their Syrian citizenship even though they were in possession of Syrian identity cards. Home; Syria and the World. Home; Syria and the World. Western Neo-Aramaic, the only surviving Western Aramaic language, is still spoken in three villages (Ma'loula, Al-Sarkha (Bakhah) and Jubb'adin) in the Anti-Lebanon Mountains by both Muslim and Christian residents. [73] The J2 group accounted for 20.8% of Syrians; other Y-DNA haplogroups include the E1B1B 12.0%, I 5.0%, R1a 10.0% and R1b 15.0%. Ten years on however, he has defied the odds, surviving international isolation and the temporary loss of two thirds of the national territory to claw his way back into relevance and hold on to power. [71][72], The paternal Y-DNA haplogroup J1, which reaches its highest frequencies in Yemen 72.6% and Qatar 58.3%, accounted for 33.6% of Syrians. "Middle East :: Syria — The World Factbook - Central Intelligence Agency", https://mobil.derstandard.at/2000076385176/Angriff-auf-Afrin-Vertreibung-vom-Berg-der-Kurden, https://odatv.com/tek-suclari-alevi-olmak...-0109131200_m.html, "Report: Hizbullah Training Shiite Syrians to Defend Villages against Rebels", "Are the Druze People Arabs or Muslims? Answer 1 Partially . From 969 to 1171, an Ismaili dynasty, the Fatimids, ruled as caliphs in Egypt. There are also some Kurdish and Turkmen Alevi in northern Syria. [16], In 1973 Professor Moshe Ma'oz said that the non-Arabic-speaking Sunni Muslim Turkmen formed 3% of the population. The history of the movement in Syria begins in the 1920s, when the second caliph of the Community, Mirza Basheer-ud-Din Mahmood Ahmad visited Damascus, as part of his tour of Europe and the Middle East. I would like to complement your statement that the Iranians are not Arab and add that neither are the Moroccans/Tunisians / Chadians/Sudanese/ Egyptians/Syrians/ Lebanese or any other country for that matter other than Saudi Arabia and those genetically connected to that people. Syrians (Arabic: سوريون‎, Sūriyyūn), also known as the Syrian people (Arabic: الشعب السوري‎, ALA-LC: al-sha‘ab al-Sūrī; Syriac: ܣܘܪܝܝܢ‎), are the majority inhabitants of Syria and share common Levantine Semitic roots. Anatolia). Contemporary adherents of the Quranist point of view in Syria include Muhammad Shahrur.[7]. Those who say Iranians, Pakistanis and Afghans are Arabs are complete idiots. Arab Spring: In 2011, successful uprisings – that became known as the Arab Spring – toppled Tunisia‘s and Egypt‘s presidents. [15] The CIA has estimated Alawites at 15% of the Syria's population. Also some people from Syria, mainly Syrian nationalists, describe themselves only as Syrians or ethnic Syrians. Janine Karaka. In addition, Ismailis also live in the Tartus Governorate, particularly in the town of Qadmus and its surrounding countryside and in the district and villages of Nahr al-Khawabi. [23] Six million refugees of the Syrian Civil War also live outside Syria now, mostly in Turkey. Arab immigrants from modern-day Syria and Lebanon, who were considered Asian, successfully fought to be classified as white and thus eligible for citizenship. The majority are formed of indigenous Syrian but there is also a significant number of Sunni Kurds, Turkmen/Turkoman, and Circassians, as well as refugees who have arrived in the country, such as Iraqis and Palestinians. ), but also some members of the larger minorities, such as the Kurds and Turkmen. [6] The main centre of the Druze population is in As-Suwayda; the small towns and villages under its authority is called the Jabal al-Druze (the "Mountain of the Druze"). Syrian Arabs are people identifying as Arab from the Levantine nation of Syria in the Middle East. The conquest led to the establishment of the Caliphate under successive Arab dynasties, who, during the period of the Abbasid Caliphate, promoted the use of the Arabic language. Are Syrians Arabs. Conservative and liberally minded people will live right next to each other. Shia Ismailis believe that Ja'far al-Sadiq, the Sixth Imam, appointed Isma'il to be the Seventh Imam, a line that continues unbroken to the present day, the office currently sitting with His Highness the Aga Khan. The Sunni Muslims make up the majority of Muslims in the country (60% of Syria's total population[2]). [76] Regarding the genetic relation between the Syrians and the Lebanese based on Y-DNA, Muslims from Lebanon show closer relation to Syrians than their Christian compatriots. In 635 Damascus surrendered, its inhabitants being promised security for their lives, property, and churches, on payment of a poll tax. Syrian Arabs are highly conscious of the Islamic-Arab tradition. In the capital of Damascus they are Arabized and do not speak Kurdish very well. The Alawites, a variety of Shia Islam, make up 12% of the population and mostly live in and around Tartus and Latakia. [78], Mitochondrial DNA shows the Syrians to have affinity with Europe; main haplogroups are H and R.[79] Based on Mitochondrial DNA, the Syrians, Palestinian, Lebanese and Jordanians form a close cluster. 'the country of Sham'). The number of Syrians in Germany is estimated at around 600,000 people in December 2016 and consists mainly of refugees of the Syrian Civil War. Many Armenian and Assyrian Christians fled Turkey during the Armenian Genocide and the Assyrian genocide and settled in Syria. Sunnis follow nearly all occupations, belong to all social groups and nearly every political party, and live in all parts of the country. The name "Syrians" was employed by the Greeks and Romans to denote the inhabitants of Syria; however, they called themselves Arameans and Assyrians. As in other areas conquered by the Arabs, the spread of Islam was also accompanied with the spread of Arab culture, which culminated in the Arabization of the Levant and the replacement of Aramaic with Arabic.[10]. For other uses, see. They are Arabs, not Arabians (which are the "real Arabs" referred to in Answer 1). Like the other countries in the region, religion permeates life; the government registers every Syrian's religious affiliation. [70] The Levantine ancestral component is the most recurrent in Levantines (42–68%); the Arabian Peninsula/East African ancestral components represent around 25% of Syrian genetic make-up. The Alawites are the predominant non-Sunni group (11% of the country's population[3]), followed by Shia Ismailis (3%[4]) and orthodox Shia Twelvers (2%[4]). M.D. The cultural and linguistic heritage of the Syrian people is a blend of both indigenous elements and the foreign cultures that have come inhabit the region of Syria and govern its people over the course of thousands of years. 7 years ago. They live mostly in three Syrian governorates: Hama, Homs, and Quneitra. There are also smaller Kurdish communities in central Syria, followed by Kobanî and Afrin. Several different denominations and sects of Islam are practised within Syria, whom collectively, constitute approximately 71% of the population and forming a majority in most of the districts of the country.[1]. 0 0. Syrians are an overall indigenous Levantine people, closely related to their immediate neighbors, such as Lebanese, Palestinians, Jordanians and Jews. Lv 7. Гілея: науковий вісник 126 (2017): 181-185. Outside Greek colonies, the Syrians lived in districts governed by local temples that did not use the Greek civic system of poleis and colonies. [56] By the thirteenth century, Arabic language achieved dominance in the region and its speakers became Arabs.[49]. [55] Many historians, such as Claude Cahen and Bernard Hamilton, proposed that the Arabization of Christians was completed before the First Crusade. The traditional theory does not explain the early presence of the Arabs in the Levant as it lacks the evidence for when and how they allegedly arrived from Arabia. [9] In the mid-7th century, the Umayyad dynasty, then rulers of the empire, placed the capital of the empire in Damascus. [15], However, the Sunni Turkmen population is believed to be considerably higher if Arabized Turkmen are also taken into consideration (i.e. According to Professor Alasdair Drysdale and Professor Raymond Hinnebusch the Ismailis formed 1.5% of the country's population in 1991. [17] By 1979 Dr. Nikolaos van Dam claimed that the Syrian Kurds (forming 8.5% of the population at the time) were almost exclusively Sunni Muslims. [5] Christians, the main non-Muslim group in the country, comprise 10%. [16] They mainly live in the urban centres and countryside of the following six governorates: the Aleppo Governorate, the Damascus Governorate, the Homs Governorate, the Hama Governorate, the Latakia Governorate and the Quneitra Governorate. Mikdad starts an official visit to Iran to hold talks on enhancing bilateral relations 6 December، 2020. [16], The Alawites are the second largest religious group in Syria, after the Sunni Muslims. The Syrian people's beliefs and outlooks, similar to those of most Arabs and people of the wider Middle-East, are a mosaic of West and East. [14] More recently, Dr. Pierre Beckouche said that 11% of the country's population was Alawite before 2011. [6] The split from the greater branch occurred over the recognition of the Seventh Imam. The community of Syrian Jews inside Syria once numbered 30,000 in 1947, but has only 200 today.[92]. Deciphering Who They Are", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Islam_in_Syria&oldid=992435689, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 5 December 2020, at 07:19. Christians make up 10% of the country. The Sunnis are mainly of the Shafi'i madhhab with pockets of Hanafi and Hanbali. The Syrian civil war started with peaceful protests. Instead, Assad gambled on Syria's complex social structure -- ethnic divisions between Arabs and Kurds, as well as religious differences between Sunni Muslims, his Alawite clan, and other minorities. Arab Germans are German citizens of Arab descent. ). [11] In 1991 Professor Alasdair Drysdale and Professor Raymond Hinnebusch said that approximately 60% of the country was formed of Arabic-speaking Sunni Muslims. [34] The presence of Arabs in Syria is recorded since the 9th century BC,[38] and Roman period historians, such as Strabo, Pliny the Elder, and Ptolemy, reported that Arabs inhabited many parts of Syria. [31], In his book The Great Roman-Jewish War, Josephus, a Hebrew native to the Levant, mentioned the Syrians as the non-Hebrew, non-Greek indigenous inhabitants of Syria.[32]. This gave hope to Syrian pro-democracy activists. In Syrian crises there are domestic as well as foreign factors involves. In modern usage, it embraces any of the Arabic-speaking peoples living in the vast region from Mauritania, on the Atlantic coast of Africa, to southwestern Iran, including the entire Maghrib of North Africa, Egypt and Sudan, the Arabian Peninsula, and Syria and Iraq. [90][91] The Druze are a mountainous people who reside in Jabal al-Druze who helped spark the Great Syrian Revolt. [6] Although the majority of Sunni Syrians are listed as Arabs in some academic circles, this is a term based on spoken language (Arabic), not ethnicity. Kerlens writes: “The vast majority of Arabs in Haiti are Syria and Lebanese …We find some Palestinian families and some Jews who are also Arabs like the Bigio family and the Kedar family. [50] The Arabs of the caliphate accommodated many new tribes in isolated areas to avoid conflict with the locals; caliph Uthman ordered his governor, Muawiyah I, to settle the new tribes away from the original population. Anyways the one and only country on this Earth that prohibits women from driving and voting Saudi Arabia. Syrian Arabs, together with some 600,000 Palestinian not including the 6 million refugees outside the country. The Syria Trap: How Erdogan Made New Enemies and Enraged the Arab Community. [67] Modern Syrians exhibit "high affinity to the Levant" based on studies comparing modern and ancient DNA samples. [25], Ahmadiyya is a small Islamic movement in Syria. The Arabs identify with speakers of their language throughout the Middle East. Ohh we are mix of many civilizations bla bla Phoenicians, Canaanites ok but which one are you though?? Genetically, Syrian Arabs are a blend of various Semitic -speaking groups indigenous to the region. Several non-Arab Islamic empires also ruled Syria whilst centered in Egypt (particularly in Cairo), including the Ayyubids (Sunni rulers of Kurdish origin), and the Mamluks (Sunni and Shia rulers of Turkic and Circassian origin). Meze is usually served with Arab-style tea - highly concentrated black tea, which is highly sweetened and served in small glass cups. Albert Hourani published statistics from a general census of Syria in 1943 giving details of religious groups of the population and the rate of growth of each (citizens were not allowed to declare their ethnicity or mother tongue): The largest religious group in Syria is the Sunni Muslims. [13], In 1991 Professor Alasdair Drysdale and Professor Raymond Hinnebusch said that Alawites formed approximately 11.5% of the country's population.