The septa radiate outwards from a central pillar-like structure called the columella. Soft Corals continued in Coral Identification: Types Of Coral (Part 1) Elkhorn coral colonies are incredibly fast growing with an average growth rate of 5 to 10 centimetres (2.0 to 3.9 in) per year and can eventually grow up to 3.7 metres (12 ft) in diameter. Coral Facts. common name scientific name; Black coral : Acropara spp. Pillar coral Dendrogyra cylindrus Ehrenberg, 1834 Description: Colonies form numerous, heavy, cylindrical spires, that grow upwards from an encrusting base mass. A coral "group" is a colony of myriad genetically identical polyps. Each polyp is a sac-like animal typically only a few millimeters in diameter and a few centimeters in height. It is a coral species with varying locations. The coral is known to have a speedy rate of growing. Elkhorn coral is named for its resemblance to elk antlers. Coral species include the important reef builders that inhabit tropical oceans and secrete calcium carbonate to form a hard skeleton. It can be found in the eastern parts of Africa, Madagascar up to the Red Sea. Pillar coral is a hard coral in the shape of a pillar. Like its name suggests, staghorn coral is a species of coral that looks a bit like the antlers of a male deer. Main Prey Plankton, Fish, Shrimp Distinctive Feature Variety of colours and full of holes for species to hind in Habitat Tropical Oceans Predators Starfish, Marine slugs and snails Diet Omnivore Average Litter Size 1,000s. Coral Location: Ocean. This coral is a member to the Animalia Kingdom, and the phylum Cnidaria(Colenterata). Scientific name Family: Siderastreidae Species: Psammocora contigua. The coral is digitate coral meaning its strong skeleton is in the shape of fingers. Pillar coral in the Flordia Aquarium greenhouse in Tampa, Florida. Black coral : Favia spp. Scientific Name Anthozoa Coral Conservation Status: Near Threatened. A popular choice as a home for lobsters, parrot-fish, snappers and other reef fish. Some common names they are known for are Dark Green Contigua and Branched Sandpaper Coral, and Pillar Coral. Pillar coral possesses one of the most distinct morphologies of any coral species, with colonies forming several large spires that may reach 2 metres in height. A solitary coral individual is called a corallum ... these are also called rugae ("ruga" is Latin for wrinkled), which gives this group of corals their scientific name (thus, rugose corals are the "wrinkled corals"). Pillar coral are now classified as almost extinct since the remaining male and female clusters are too far apart to reproduce. The Clubbed Finger coral also goes by the name of Cat’s Paw coral. Paige Gill, FKNMS. The Pillar coral is huge and can reach up to 3 metres. Florent's Guide To The Caribbean Reefs - Pillar Coral - Dendrogyra cylindrus - Stony Corals - - Stony Corals - Caribbean, Bahamas, Florida - Black coral : Millepora spp. Distribution / Background Psammocora Coral Information: The Green Stony Pillar Coral Psammocora contigua was described by Esper in 1797. Pillar Coral. The scientific name of Pillar coral is Dendrogyra cylindricus. Pillar coral Commonly known as Pillar Coral, colonies of this species are found in flat, sheltered locations ranging from the southern tip of Florida down to the coast of Venezuela. Coral also goes by the name of Pillar coral and the phylum (! Its resemblance to elk antlers: Acropara spp Family: Siderastreidae Species: Psammocora contigua was described Esper... Eastern parts of Africa, Madagascar up to the Animalia Kingdom, and the Cnidaria. The eastern parts of Africa, Madagascar up to the Animalia Kingdom, the! Coral that looks a bit like the antlers of a male deer the phylum Cnidaria ( )... 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